Bleeding Gums: Everything You Need To Know

Bleeding Gums

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Do you have bleeding gums that happen often? It might be because of a simple reason like improper brushing and flossing. But this condition may also be because of a more serious health concern.

This article will discuss everything that you need to know about bleeding gums. Before you panic, learn more about bleeding gums and what you need to do when it happens.

What Are Bleeding Gums?

Bleeding gums may happen simply because of improper brushing of your teeth or wearing dentures that don’t fit properly. 

In some cases, people would also experience bleeding gums as a sign of diabetes, leukemia, or Periodontitis. If you have bleeding gums that happen regularly, then here are some health-related causes.

7 Common Health-Related Causes of Bleedings Gums

Bleeding gums is expected at times, but it doesn’t mean you should disregard it. This condition can be an indicator of gum disease. Advanced and extreme types of dental disease can cause tooth loss and can cause diseases that can be life-threatening. If you have persistent bleeding gums, here are some of the most common health-related causes.


Bleeding gums is one of the symptoms of gingivitis or gum inflammation. It’s a standard and mild type of gum disease caused by plaque accumulation at the gum line. Your gums may feel sore and swollen if you have gingivitis. Brushing your teeth hard can cause them to bleed.

By taking good care of your teeth, you can avoid this issue. Brush your teeth smoothly twice a day, and floss properly. Then, rinse your mouth with an antibacterial mouthwash twice a day. More importantly, see your dentist regularly.


Periodontal disease or periodontitis is a long-term gum infection that affects the tissue and bone that support your teeth if you don’t treat your gingivitis. Periodontitis causes inflamed and swollen gums, causing them to slip away from the roots of your teeth.

It may be a sign of periodontal disease if your gums bleed easily. As a result, your teeth may become loose or get separated. Bad breath, a bad taste in your mouth, a shift in how your teeth fit together when you bite, and swollen gums are all possible side effects. Without proper treatment of the periodontal disease, you can lose all sets of your teeth.


People with type 1 and 2 diabetes may experience bleeding gums often. Since your mouth isn’t as effective at battling germs while you have this disease, you’re more likely to get infections. Diabetes causes high blood sugar levels and makes it difficult for the body to recover. So, this condition can exacerbate gum disease.


Bleeding gums is a symptom of leukemia, a form of cancer. Platelets in the blood help your body from bleeding. It is because the platelet count becomes low for people diagnosed with leukemia. It causes bleeding in various parts of your body, including your gums that may cause frequent bleeding.


Your gums may get irritated, or you may have thrombocytopenia if they bleed when you brush your teeth and don’t stop bleeding on their own. Your body will not have enough platelets to form a blood clot if you have this disorder. So, it may lead to excessive bleeding in various parts of your body, including your gums.

6.Lack of Vitamin C

Vitamin C aids in the growth and repair of your tissues. It strengthens the bones and teeth while also healing wounds. You can feel tired and irritable if your body is deficient in vitamin C. So, it may worsen swollen gums and excessive bleeding gums over time.

7.Lack of Vitamin K

You may be deficient in vitamin K if you experience a lot of bleeding from your gums. This vitamin aids in the proper clotting of your blood. It’s also beneficial to the bones. It can cause bleeding issues if you don’t get enough from your diet or if your body doesn’t handle it well.

10 Tips to Prevent Bleeding Gums

The only way to figure out what causes bleeding gums is to figure out what’s triggering it to happen. However, we don’t want you to think that you have health-related conditions just because you’ve experienced bleeding gums. If you rule out these conditions after checking in with your dentist, here are some ways to prevent bleeding gums from happening.

Tip #1 – Always Practice Good Oral Hygiene

Bleeding gums may indicate a lack of dental hygiene. When plaque builds up along the gum line, the gums may become inflamed and bleed. Plaque is a bacteria-filled sticky film that coats the teeth and gums. If you don’t brush or floss often enough, the bacteria will spread and lead to tooth decay or gum disease.

Clean your teeth at least twice a day and floss once a day to improve your oral hygiene. These are a few more suggestions for keeping your teeth in good shape. For pregnant women, good oral hygiene is essential. Gum disease and bleeding gums may also occur because of hormonal changes during pregnancy.

Tip #2 – Rinse Your Mouth With Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is suitable to use as a mouth disinfectant. It turns out that it can also help with plaque removal, gum hygiene, and gum bleeding. Rinse your teeth with hydrogen peroxide after brushing if your gums are bleeding. But never drink the solution.

Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums that may lead to bleeding, swelling, and receding gums. In a study, 99 subjects took the task of rinsing hydrogen peroxide to determine how effective it was at reducing gingivitis and whitening teeth. As a result, the group that rinsed had less gum inflammation.

Tip #3 – Stop Smoking

Smoking is related to gum disease and increases the risk of lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that smoking is a significant cause of severe gum disease in the United States.

Smoking weakens the immune system, making it more difficult for your body to destroy plaque bacteria. Gum disease may result as a result of this. Quitting smoking can aid in the healing of your gums and the reduction of bleeding. Consult your doctor on the right way to assist you in quitting smoking.

Tip #4 – Reduce Stress Level

Emotional tension, according to the researchers, has a detrimental effect on the immune system. It can cause the body’s defences to deteriorate to the point that it cannot combat a gum infection. 

Emotional stress is thought to cause certain people to neglect their oral health, leading to plaque accumulation. Don’t hesitate to speak to a psychiatrist or your attending physician. Learn about some of the stress-relieving options available to you.

Tip #5 – Increase Your Intake Of Vitamin C

Vitamin C-rich foods will boost your immune system and aid in the battle against gum infections that cause bleeding gums. In contrast, if you have gum disease, not having enough vitamin C in your diet can exacerbate bleeding. 

Even if you practice good oral hygiene, a vitamin C deficiency can cause gum bleeding. So here are some foods rich in vitamin C that you can add to your diet.

  • oranges
  • sweet potatoes
  • red peppers
  • carrots

It would help if you also discussed taking a vitamin C supplement with your doctor. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that enhances connective tissue and protects the lining of your gums, so make sure you get plenty every day. 

Tip #6 – Increase Your Intake Of Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a necessary nutrient since it aids in blood clotting. A deficiency in this vitamin can cause fast bleeding, and according to one study, it can also cause gum bleeding. Try these foods rich in vitamin K to include in your diet. 

  • spinach
  • collard greens
  • kale
  • mustard greens

Tip #7 – Apply A Cold Compress

Gum disease isn’t necessarily the cause of bleeding gums. Trauma or an injury to the gum tissue may also cause bleeding. Applying a cold compress to the gum line will help stop bleeding by reducing swelling and restricting blood flow. Try using an ice pack or a cold cloth to your gums for 20 minutes, multiple times a day.

Tip #8 – Eat Fewer Carbs

Reduced carbohydrate intake can also boost gum health and prevent gum disease, according to research. Carbohydrates and sugary foods promote plaque formation and bacterial development. You’re more likely to have bleeding gums if you have a lot of plaque on your gums. Brushing and flossing every day can help minimize plaque accumulation, but limiting carbohydrates can help avoid plaque formation.

Tip #9 – Drink Green Tea

Green tea can also help to reverse periodontal disease and stop bleeding gums if consumed regularly. Green tea contains catechin, a natural antioxidant that may help to reduce the body’s inflammatory response to oral bacteria.

Green tea’s efficacy in improving periodontal health was investigated in a study of 940 men. Researchers used probing to assess participants’ periodontal pocket depth before and after drinking green tea, as well as any loss of gum tissue and incidences of gum bleeding. According to the findings, the more green tea a person drinks, the better their periodontal health would be.

You can consume three to four cups of green tea a day. But some experts suggest that you can consume up to ten cups per day to see any health benefits.

Tip #10 – Rinse Your Mouth With Salt Water

Gum disease happens because of bacteria that causes inflammation in the mouth. So rinsing the mouth with a warm saltwater mixture every day will help minimize bacteria and avoid gum bleeding.

Rinse water with salt at least three or four times a day. Then, dissolve a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water and rinse your mouth for a few seconds. Rinsing this mixture also keeps the mouth clean and prevents bacteria that could cause a wound infection if the bleeding is caused by an accident or trauma.

When Should You Feel Concerned About Bleeding Gums?

If bleeding gums persist after 7 to 10 days, don’t hesitate to see a dentist. But if you have excessive bleeding in your gums for hours, then that needs an emergency treatment. To remove plaque and tartar and encourage gum healing, you may need a deep dental cleaning. Your doctor can also prescribe tests to know whether you have any vitamin deficiencies that are causing your gums to bleed.


Although bleeding gums are the most common symptom of dental problems, there are other possibilities. Make an appointment with your primary care provider to determine if your bleeding gums are the result of a dental problem. A physical exam and blood tests will help you figure out what’s causing the bleeding. Your treatment will be different depending on your situation.

For all your emergency dental needs, including persistent bleeding gums – call Marisa Walker DDS at 650-328-2072. Our clinic is located at  150 Middlefield Road, Suite 101, Menlo Park CA 94025. Or feel free to check our services page to know the right dental service for you.


Marisa Walker, DDS

150 Middlefield Rd #101, Menlo Park, CA 94025


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